The British monarchy can be ruthless and decisive when it thinks its survival is at stake.
For many years the heir to the throne, Prince Charles, advocated a slimmed-down royal family — keeping official duties to a select core of the clan. But he found himself blocked by his mother, the Queen, who protected the status of his younger brother Andrew, the Duke of York. That is until the duke's behaviour became a live issue in the 2019 general election.
In a televised debate between Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Jeremy Corbyn, the audience applauded as the Labour Party leader criticised the royal family. Fresh in everyone's minds was media coverage of Andrew's friendship with Jeffrey Epstein, the New York financier who had committed suicide in prison earlier that year after being charged with sexual offences. Johnson's blanket defence of the royals was heard in silence.
Corbyn would be trounced at the polls but the Queen moved swiftly to protect the institution of the monarchy. The Duke of York is often referred to as "her favourite son" but she stripped him of all his official public duties and the shutters came down at his private office at Buckingham Palace.
Prince Andrew is now the subject of a civil suit in a New York court alleging sexual assault against a minor, brought by Virginia Guiffre, now 38. Virginia Giuffre claims that the British royal was one of several powerful men to whom Jeffrey Epstein "lent" her for abuse as a teenager. Andrew has consistently denied the allegations.
The New York judge declined to rule on Andrew's argument that he was shielded by a 2009 settlement agreement between Giuffre and Epstein. The ruling means that Andrew, Queen Elizabeth's second son, will have to provide evidence demanded by Giuffre's team if he continues to defend the case, a process that could take months or even years.
In response, Queen Elizabeth II stripped her son Prince Andrew of all his military titles and royal patronages as he prepares to face a civil case over claims of sexual assault, saying he must defend himself as a private citizen.
Excruciating embarrassment aside, why are the royals so nervous that one black sheep could damage the popularity of the entire fold? After all, opinion polls show the British approve of their monarchy by a wide margin — republicans do not even dare attack the universally respected 95-year old woman who heads it. Other trends also favour hereditary heads of state.
An influential new book, Corruptible, by the Washington Post columnist Brian Klaas, argues that, in the modern era, a diminishing number of normal people are attracted to leadership roles in politics. The intrusion of social media and the 24-hour news cycle demand unacceptable personal sacrifices.
Democratic societies are therefore increasingly governed by power-hungry "oddballs." That development favours a wholesome royal family which stands above the tainted political class and takes its ceremonial obeisance. As they make no promises, the royals cannot lose popularity by breaking them either — unlike their prime ministers.
Those favourable opinion polls, however, have a sting in the tail. Younger British people in the 18-24 age group are least likely to support the monarchy's retention.
The Palace, always on the alert to danger, knows it cannot afford to rest on its laurels. Prince Charles will inherit the throne at an advanced age and he already expects a younger generation to share his duties.
In Katherine, the wife of his level-headed eldest son Prince William, the monarchy has a star in the making. The Duchess of Cambridge is not an aristocrat but a commoner who looks like a prettier version of the girl next door.
However, The Firm, as the royal family calls itself, found it could not contain the talents of a real superstar, Kate's American sister-in-law, Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, who decamped with her husband Prince Harry to California in disgust at the royal protocol and press hostility. Last week Meghan won her legal costs for a bitterly fought privacy action against a London newspaper. She received a derisory 1 pound ($1.35) in damages and she had to apologise to the judge for discrepancies in her testimony.
Meghan's departure was a loss: She appealed to young, diverse Britain but Kate's ordinary glamour, in the long run, will serve the Royal Family's interests better. Prince Andrew can neither fit in with this younger monarchy nor, to the palace's dismay, can he be removed from the limelight. The ramifications of his friendship with Epstein will not go away.
Nowadays The Firm can take divorce, dynastic rows and disputes over money in its stride — these are storylines familiar to every family soap opera — but tales of Epstein's circle of rich, powerful men and underage women are beyond relatable experience for most Britons. And in the age of #MeToo, the Duke of York's links to Epstein nauseate the youthful demographic that the monarchy is trying to woo.
Prince Andrew's legal team — his mum is picking up the tab — is now involved in increasingly desperate legal manoeuvres to close down Guiffre's civil suit. She claims that when she was 17, she was offered for sexual services to the Duke of York by Epstein and his former girlfriend and associate Ghislaine Maxwell, recently convicted by a New York jury for sex trafficking (she is looking for a retrial).
Prince Andrew's bizarre explanations for events given in a disastrous BBC interview have only made matters worse. The Duke could not recall having met Guiffre despite the evidence of a photograph taken at Maxwell's house which shows him with his arm around her (his friends say it must be a fake). He also claims that Guiffre's testimony of his perspiring must be wrong because, while serving as a pilot in the 1982 campaign to retake the Falkland Islands from Argentina, his sweat glands were permanently damaged.
Martin Ivens was editor of the Sunday Times from 2013 to 2020 and was formerly its chief political commentator. He is a director of the Times
Disclaimer: This article first appeared on Bloomberg, and is published by special syndication arrangement. It has been edited by TBS Desk with updated information.